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Badagry festival: Foundation tasks federal government, Lagos on cultural tourism



Africa Renaissance Foundation (AREFO), a non-governmental organisation, has urged the Lagos State and federal government to tap into the Badagry Diaspora Festival (BDF) to boost cultural tourism in the state.

Babatunde Mesewaku, the President of AREFO and organiser of the festival, made the appeal on Sunday at the 2021 edition of the Badagry Diaspora Festival in Badagry.

Newsmen report that the festival was held at the Palace of Akran of Badagry, Aholu Menu Toyi 1.

Mr Mesewaku said the festival was organised to show the world that Badagry was blessed with a different culture, heritage, and history.

“Culture and festival are products of tourism, if one wants to develop tourism especially in Lagos State, cultural tourism is the key and this is what we are doing in Badagry.

“We are doing this at the local level in order for the federal and Lagos State governments to see the potential and tap into it.

“Badagry people contribute money for the celebration of the festival yearly because of the importance they attach to the preservation of cultural heritage compare to other places,” he said.

Mr Mesewaku, the former Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Tourism, Arts and Culture, said the festival started as a community programme named Ogu Festival and changed to Badagry cultural festival.

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“The festival came into existence as the awareness of our cultural and historical significance to the global world. We realised that in the past during the slave trade, various global communities like Dutch, English, Brazilian, French, and Portuguese were all in Badagry involved in the slave trade business.

“They were in close commercial collaboration with Badagry people especially the quarters in the town. So, we realised that it is important for us to explore the historical significance of this to Badagry and the world.

“Badagry, being an ancient port, a market for sales and transportation of slave, we decided to explore the importance of this legacy and make good out of it,” he said.

He said that the festival is an avenue for Africans in the Diaspora to come and experience their culture, tradition and then reconstruct their history and identity.

According to him, the festival has shown that Badagry is a port of culture significant for Nigeria and for the Diaspora too.

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“We have over eight quarters here in Badagry with different cultural outfits, so if the Diaspora people come to us they will see varieties of the cultural heritage of Badagry,” he said

In his remarks, the Akran of Badagry, Aholu Menu Toyi 1, urged the people to ensure the festival becomes a global festival.

He urged residents to support the organisers of the festival in order to keep the 20-year-old festival alive.

The Akran commended the Arewas, Ndigbo, and other tribes who came to celebrate the festival with them.

The festival began its humble beginnings in 1999, as a remembrance of the slave trade era and the significance of the town in the era. In 1999, AREFO organized the first Badagry Festival. Throughout the years, AREFO has spent hundreds of hours organizing the festival and has been instrumental in evolving it into the festival that we know today.

NAN reports that the festival featured Badagry royal carnival, Zangbeto carnival, Ogun Badagry dance, and Obatala and Aje festival.

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Food, Arts & Culture

No argument over ownership of Benin artefacts – Oba of Benin



The Oba of Benin Kingdom, Omo N’Oba N’Edo Uku Akpolokpolo, Oba Ewuare II, has declared that there is no dispute over the ownership of numerous Benin artefacts taken from the palace of the royal family in 1897 during the British invasion of the kingdom, which are now scattered across Europe, the United States and other parts of the world.

The monarch stated this when he received in his palace, the Chairman of DAAR Communications, High Chief Raymond Dokpesi, who paid a courtesy visit on him on his birthday and the fifth coronation anniversary, where he commended the efforts of the Oba in bringing back the artworks.

Oba Ewuare II said: “The fortunes are behind you in all your efforts to ensure that all the artefacts that were taken away from here are brought back and restored.”

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The Oba also dispelled speculations that some of the works were not taken from the palace but elsewhere, just as he commended the federal government and the Director-General, National Commission for Museums and Monuments (NCMM) for their support to get the artefacts back.

While commending Dokpesi for taking the lead in private broadcasting in Nigeria despite the unfriendly environment, the Oba revealed that Cambridge University in the United Kingdom, which his father, Oba Erediauwa, attended, would soon return some artefacts in its custody to Benin.

According to him, “We hear that some researchers in Germany have stated that some of them were produced here; some were produced there, and so on and so forth, but where are these here and there? Were they outside the Benin Empire? Where they outside the Benin Kingdom? Were any of the artefacts produced outside the Benin Kingdom? If they were all produced in the Benin kingdom, why would any researcher try to say some were taken out of Benin Palace and some were taken from elsewhere? All elsewhere or wherever they are talking about, are they not all under the authority of the Oba of Benin? Are they not all under the Benin Empire?”

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He said the planned museum to house the artefacts would be domiciled in a building opposite the palace.

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How the 36 Nigerian states got their names



There’s rich history behind every state and its name. Check out all the states and how they were named.

Abia is an acronym from the four main groups of people in the state as at the time it was formed in 1991: Aba Bende Isuikwuato Afikpo.

Adamawa was named after a warrior, Modibbo Adama Bin Ardo Hassan, that conquered the region in the beginning of the 19th century.

Akwa Ibom is named after the Qua Iboe (or Kwa Iboe) River.

The state got its name from the corrupted version of Oma Mbala (Ànyịm Ọma Mbala), a popular river in the area.

There are three versions of how Bauchi got its name are:

‘Bauchi’ is Hausa word meaning the southern flanks of Hausaland. Tribes living in the southern parts of the Hausaland were referred to as “kasashen bauchi” and the area they lived in later came to be known simply as Bauchi. The second version the state was named for Baushe, a famous hunter who settled there before the 19th century. The third states that ‘bauchi’ is Hausa word for slavery since it was a center for slave raiders.

Bayelsa is a combination of the acronyms of three local government areas which were pulled out of old Rivers state — Brass LGA known as BALGA, Yenegoa LGA known as YELGA and Sagbama LGA known as SALGA. The mathematics involved in the formation of their names is BA + YEL + SA = BAYELSA

The state was named after the “europeanised” corruption of ‘Binuwe’, the Batta word for ‘Mother of Waters’.

The alternative name of the Kanuris, the predominant ethnic group in the state, is ‘Borno’ which gave inspiration for the naming of the state.

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The state took its name from a River called Oyono or Cross River.

The state is where the River Niger forms a delta as it enters the Atlantic Ocean.

Ebonyi is the anglicised version of ‘Aboine’, a river that cuts through Abakaliki, the state capital.

The Bini people who dwell in the area had always referred to themselves as Edo or Iduu. This inspired the name of the state.

‘Okiti’ is a term that is said to denote a settlement of many hills. It later became ‘Ekiti’.

Due to the many hills and rocky terrain in the area, the people named it in igbo, “Enu Ugwu” meaning “top of the hill”. The state is named after the anglicised version, Enugu.

Gombe is the dialect of Fulani language (Fulfulde) spoken in the area.

Just like many of the Nigerian states, Imo took its name from the popular river, Imo Mmiri.

Jigawa takes inspiration from its distinctively golden-coloured soil.

‘Kadunas’ is the plural form of crocodile in Hausa. The state therefore got its name from the many crocodiles in Kaduna River.

Kano was the name of a blacksmith from the Gaya tribe who settled in the area while sourcing for ironstone. The state was named after him.

The state was named after the wife of a popular local ruler known as Janzama. Her name was Katsina.

It is said that Kebbi was named after the Ka’abba in Mecca, Saudi Arabia.

Since the popular confluence in Nigeria is located in the state, Kogi is said to have been derived from ‘kogin’, the hausa word for river.

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River Niger used to be called River Kwara by the Nupes at the Northern border of the state. The state was named after this.

In 1472, the first set of Europeans to set foot in Lagos were the Portuguese. Due to the many lagoons and rivers in the town, they named it Lagos, which is the Portuguese word for ‘lakes’.

Nasarawa is a native word for ‘victorious’. The state was named by the founder of Nasarawa kingdom, Makama Dogo.

This was named after the River Niger.

This state was also named after a river — Ogun River.

Ondo is a word used for settlers. The state was named after the settlers of the old Ondo Kingdom.

This state was also named after a river — the River Osun.

The state was named after the Old Oyo empire.

The state was named after the picturesque Jos plateau. Jos got its name from the mispronunciation of the town ‘Gwosh’.

Rivers State was named after the many water bodies present in the area.

Sokoto is the anglicized version of the Arabic word ‘suk’ meaning ‘market’ or ‘place of commerce’. The state itself was named after the defunct Sokoto Caliphate.

Taraba state got its name from the Taraba River.

Komadugu Yobe (Waube or Ouobe) or River Yobe (or River of Yo) inspired the name of the state.

This state was named after Zamfarawa, one of the subdialects of the Eastern Hausa group.

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7 Untold Health Benefits Of Pap (Akamu / Ogi / Eko)



This article contains the health benefits of pap. Pap, also referred to as Koko, Ogi, or Akamu, in the Nigerian Hausa, Yoruba, and Igbo languages, respectively, is just a local staple food produced from processed whole corn grains like guinea corn, millet, and maize.

Pap is widely drinking across all ages, essentially because of its nutritional values and easy digestion.

Traditionally processed pap includes the same bitter taste and smells. This makes many people hate the consumption of this all-rich food. Modern processing of pap like that way of Andrey’s Fresh Pap present pap in various variants with lasting refreshing flavor and taste that’s more inviting for many to drink.

Nutritional Content of Pap

Research shows that pap is full of essential nutrients such as potassium, vitamins ( A, C, B1, B3, B5, riboflavin), selenium, phosphorous, folic acid, magnesium, zinc, and chromium. It also contained high amino acid-like lysine, isoleucine, tryptophan, valine, phenylalanine, and leucine. One serving of pap is approximate to has 152 calories.

  • What are the health benefits of pap?
  • How long does it take PAP to digest?
  • How can I speed up digestion?
  • What is Ogi made from?

How long does it take PAP to digest?

Once you eat, it takes around six to eight hours for food to enter your stomach and small intestine. Food then enters your large intestine (colon) to absorb water, digestion further, and finally, remove undigested food.

How can I speed up digestion?

  • Eat less meat.
  • Drink more water.
  • Eat more fiber.
  • Drink yogurt.
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What is Ogi made from?

Ogi is just a traditionally fermented food manufactured from cereals like millet, maize, and sorghum and often drinking by adults and infants in Africa, especially, West African countries, including Ghana, Ivory Coast, and Nigeria.

Listed below here are the health benefits of pap:

1. Lowers cholesterol

There’re two major cholesterin varieties within your body, like lipoprotein [LDL] and HDL [HDL]. The previous, LDL, is often considered ‘bad cholesterin because of the proven fact having an associate degree significantly more than it within your body would maybe cause plaque to produce in your artery walls, and then blood circulation a problematic factor. This could maybe also result in excessive strain on the center and would maybe even cause high vital signs, attack, and stroke.

On the aspect, pap has a decent level of magnesium, zinc, Cr, and several potent properties that lower the degree of ‘bad cholesterol within your body.

2. Regulates vital sign

Pap is an excellent supply of metallic elements and has zero levels of metallic elements, making it a perfect food for people with a high vital sign and people who need to maintain a healthy vital sign or avoid developing cardiovascular disease. Another advantage of taking potassium-rich foods such as pap is that it aids in change the effects of metallic elements within your body as conjointly easing tension in your vas walls, thereby protecting you against myriads of health problems that could have to sprout forth.

3. Good Source of Energy

The millet, maize, and guinea corn kernel’s major chemical element is starch, which gives around 72 to 73 percent of the kernel weight. Other carbohydrates are simple sugars found as sucrose, fructose, and glucose in amounts different from 1 to 3 percent of the kernel. Pap, therefore, is a wonderful source of carbohydrate contained in the starch that is needed by the body to produce immediate and adequate energy.

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Carbohydrate-rich foods such as pap don’t just help the body with energy but also stimulate mental alertness and facilitate the metabolism of fat for energy.

4. Easy to digest

Pap is super easy to digest and gives immediate energy. Its high water content lets the body easily remove unwanted elements and substances by increasing the rate you urinate. It’s, therefore, most convenient and perfect for convalescence people recovering from sickness.

Pap can also be perfect for those who have digestive conditions, like irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), irritable bowel disease (IBD), or a sensitive stomach, as it doesn’t irritate or cause disruption of the digestive system.

5. Highly beneficial for nursing mothers

In Nigeria, pap is preferred to nursing mothers soon after delivery since it includes a high level of energy, water, and various other elements that promote the easy and adequate flow of breast milk for lactating mothers. It also aids in regaining strength after suffering from one sickness or the other.

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